assessment of groundwater quality for veppanthattai taluk, perambalur district, tamil nadu using remote sensing and gis techniques

Research Article
Kumar.G*, Prabakaran.K and Selvam.G
GIS, Groundwater, assessment, Water quality

Groundwater is one of the most impotent natural resources. Groundwater has become a necessary resource over the past decades due to the increase in its usage for drinking, water supply, irrigation and industrial uses etc. Groundwater resources are now facing threats due to anthropogenic activities. The groundwater quality is equally important as that of quantity. Mapping of spatial variability of groundwater quality is of vital importance and it is particularly significant where groundwater is primary source of potable water. The present study has been undertaken to analyze the spatial variability of groundwater quality for Veppanthattai Talk, Perambalur District located in the Tamil Nadu state. Geographical Information System (GIS) is used for the spatial analysis and it is a powerful tool for representation and analysis of spatial information related to water resources. The major water quality parameters such as pH, Electrical Conductivity (EC), Total Dissolved Solids, Total hardness, Sulphates, Fluorides and Calcium have been analyzed. The spatial variation maps of these groundwater quality parameters were derived and integrated through GIS. The final integrated map shows three priority classes such as High, Medium and Low groundwater quality zones of the study area and provides a guideline for the suitability of groundwater for domestic purposes.