Many xenobiotic compounds have long-term stability in soil, and their persistence results in significant impact on the soil ecosystem. A laboratory study was done to determine the impact of two selected insecticides, Oxydemeton Methyl (Organophosphorus), Emamectin Benzoate (Evermectin) and two selected fungicides Dithane-Z-78 (Dithiocarbamate), Benlate (Benzimidazole) on phosphatase enzyme activity in two different soil samples (Black clay soil and Red sandy loam soil) of Groundnut (Arachis Hypogaea L.) cultivated fields in Anantapuramu district of Andhra Pradesh, India. The soil samples were treated with insecticides and fungicides at five different concentrations i.e., 10, 25, 50, 75,100 ppm, which are equivalent to field application rates (1.0, 2.5, 5.0, 7.5, 10.0 kg ha-1). We observed that phosphatase enzyme activity significantly enhanced at 2.5 kg ha-1 in both the soil samples after 10 days of incubation. After the prolonged incubation upto 30 and 40 days, there was a decline in phosphatase enzyme activity, However stimulation was observed with four pesticides incubated for 20 days at 2.0 kgha–1.
Madhavi, A and Rangaswamy, V.2017, Impact of Selected Insecticides and Fungicides on Phosphatase Activity In Groundnut (Arachis Hypogaea l.) Soils. Int J Recent Sci Res. 8(4), pp. 16415-16418.
Aim: The aim was to find out the prevalence of anemia in the adolescent girls in the schools of rural area and the influence of micronutrients on different grades of anemia.
Materials and methods: It was a cross-sectionals study. 501 school going adolescent girls were enrolled for the study after informed consent. Data for demographic profile were collected, followed by blood sample collection for analysis of hemoglobin, iron profile and vitamin B12.
Results: Prevalence of anemia was 40.7% in the study population. Anemia distribution was significantly associated with low socioeconomic class (SEC), low body mass index (BMI), diet pattern and worm infestation. Vitamin B12 deficiency was recorded to be 57.9% which was more prevalent as compared to Iron deficiency anemia which was found to be only 17%.
Conclusion: Annual screening for anemia along with health education and poverty alleviation program would definitely aid in developing strategies and programs to improve adolescence health by ensuring adequate micronutrient store for future pregnancy.
Puja Dhuppar et al.2017, Anemia Prevalence In Adolescent School Going Girls In Raipur District. Int J Recent Sci Res. 8(4), pp. 16364-16366. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24327/ijrsr.2017.0804.0137
Introduction: Radical cystectomy with the removal of bladder and adipose tissue attached to it adjacent to nearby organs such as the prostate and seminal vesicles in the man and the uterus, and the anterior part of the vagina in the woman represent the "gold standard" in the ca. Bladder with a mortality that has progressively decreased to reach levels ranging between 1.2% and 3.7% in Europe, the formation of new vascular calculus usually occurs on the points used in the creation of a new vascular system or as a result of stagnation Postnatal urine in the new vascular system, which predisposes to the onset of infections; Calculations can usually be treated endoscopically, and rarely require an open-air surgery; The purpose of the present study and that through the exposure of clinical observation data to study and evaluate the various solutions of this complication
Materials end Methods: January 2015 to December 2016 at the II Clinical Surgery and Digestive Surgery Department of General Ophthalmology and Specialized Polyclinic II University of Catania No 2 patients aged 55-79 years average age 67. Male sex Hospitalization patients had a clinical symptom characterized by; Hematuria fever uro septica piuria The ultrasound diagnostic of renal calculus based on the direct calculation of the calculus; The radiographic examination without direct contraction of the abdomen (Rx) practiced as the first CT examination is an accurate imaging technique, presenting the advantage of a high speed and a more favorable cost-effectiveness index confirmed the presence of bulky calculations that occupied 2/3 of the bladder and new vescicaal surgical treatment with an epicystolitotomy with removal of calculations of the weight of 200g and 500g. It was 5gg in the absence of complications Results: The pathogenesis of bladder calculus is often due to a cervicouretral obstruction, and the subsequent bladder stagnation its treatment should also result in the resolution of the latter disease. Discussion: Therapeutic interventions Open air surgery is 2-5.4%. The most common indications are complex calculus or calculation size, renal function exclusion, failure of other less invasive methods (SWL, PCNL), The coexistence of anatomical malformations (infundibular stenosis, particularly in the frontal calciferous calcification, concurrent urethral joint stenosis, urteteral stenosis), obesity or other co-morbidity, the need for concomitant surgery, the patient's choice. [27 The intraoperative use of ballistic lithotripsy during open-air kidney surgery can increase the effectiveness of stone free (88%), morbidity, surgical times, blood loss, hospitalization time and post-surgical renal damage. Conclusions: Open surgery should be reserved for the treatment of cases of very large (giant) or complicated forms of kidney stones, of other methods of failure, of coexistence of anatomy-endoscopic malformations, of severe obesity or other comorbidities, of need Concomitant open surgery or explicit patient choice
Giorgio mp graziano n., Antonio di cataldo n and Antonino graziano., Lithiasis In Urinary Diversions or Post Prostatectomy. Int J Recent Sci Res. 8(4), pp. 16357-16363. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24327/ijrsr.2017.0804.0136
Background: Obesity has become a major problem in both developed and developing countries worldwide including India. Aim: To assess the prevalence of general and central obesity in a rural A.P population of South India based on newly proposed cut off level for Asian population. Methods: 1538 subjects aged ≥20 years from rural Andhra Pradesh were randomly recruited to participate in a population-based, cross sectional survey, conducted in 2016.
Results: The age standardized prevalence of overweight (BMI 23-24.9 kg/m2) and obesity (BMI ≥25 kg/m2) were 15.4% and 38 % respectively. The result shows that prevalence of obesity was more in female (63.6%) than male (36.4%). Based on age distribution in Males, prevalence of obesity was maximum in 45-54 yr group (51.25%) and minimum in 26-34 yr group (8.21%). In Females, maximum45-54 (38%) and minimum in 15-25 (9.4%). Based on BMI out of 1538 subjects, 1037 were normal (67.4%) whereas 237 (15.4%) were overweight, 258 (18.9%) were pre-obese, 38 (2.8%) were obese and 6 (0.44%) were morbid obese. Conclusions: In rural population of Andhra pradesh, the prevalence of both general and central obesity was high among both sexes with the use of newly proposed cut off points for Asian population.
Jayaraj et al.2017, Prevalence of obesity in Ruralpopulation of Andhra pradesh State. Int J Recent Sci Res. 8(4), pp. 16355-16357. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24327/ijrsr.2017.0804.0135
Aim: The scope of our study was to:
• Determine the per cent of patients with systemic diseases prosthetically treated,
• Determine the frequency of risk diseases by patients with prosthetic appliances,
• Determine the per cent of patients with risk diseases treated with therapy and patients without therapy, and correlation between them.
Material and Methods: For this study were follow up getting data from patients examined in the clinic for prosthetic dentistry “Protetika AG” in Tetova in a period from 2013 to 2015 year.
Through the history were providet data for general diseases like: cardiovascular diseases, neuro-physiatric diseases, diabetes mellitus, rheumatic arthrytis, the diseases of CNS, and other pathologies.
The getting results showed that:
• Cardiovascular diseases are present with 46.15%,
• Rheumatic diseases with 21.64%,
• Diabetes mellitus with 9.13%,
• Diseases of CNS with 7.72%,
• Neuro-physiatric diseases with 4.62%.
1. The difference in per cent by results of different authors concerning the risk diseases by examined stomatological patients can be explaned with different standards which exist in different countries from which came authors and studies.
2. The cnowledges about taking therapy from patients with risk diseases are importante becouse of possible interaction between stomatological intervention, anesthesya and drugs prescribet from the side of dentist.
3. Havin data for risk diseases, there is possible to planification intervention in stomatognathic system.
Sherif Shaqiri and Kaltrina Beqiri.2017, Patients With Systemic Risk Diseases Treated With Prosthetic Appliances. Int J Recent Sci Res. 8(4), pp. 16350-16353. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24327/ijrsr.2017.0804.0134
Aim: To evaluate the possibility of air dried smear and rehydration with olive oil instead of conventional method.
Materials and Methods: 20 paired buccal smear taken from the healthy individual .one set labelled as wet fixation with 95% ethanol and other set labelled as dry fixation with rehydration with olive oil .they were graded blindly.
Result: Statically significant similarities were seen between the two groups in terms of cellularity and staining intensity.
Conclusion: The procedure of air drying and rehydration with olive oil is inexpensive, easy, convenient technique and almost equally effective to routine fixation.
Sherin Singnarpi et al., Rehydration with Olive Oil of Air Dried Buccal Smear: An Alternative to Routine wet Fixation. Int J Recent Sci Res. 8(4), pp. 16339-16340. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24327/ijrsr.2017.0804.0131
Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) is used in diagnosis & monitoring of diabetes mellitus & was found to be affected by many factors other than blood glucose; iron deficiency anemia is one of them. In our study 50 patients of iron deficiency anemia were included. All were non-diabetic based on fasting blood sugar (FBS), post prandial blood sugar (PPBS) level & history. HbA1c level, serum ferritin & iron level were calculated before & after 6 months of iron replacement. It was found that after iron therapy HbA1c level was significantly decreased & serum ferritin & serum iron level were significantly increased. Serum ferritin & iron level were negatively correlated to HbA1c before therapy & after that serum iron was positively correlated but serum ferritin remained negatively correlated to HbA1c level. Importantly FBS before & after treatment remained significantly positively correlated as was PPBS. HbA1c level was reduced with iron replacement in iron deficiency anemia independent of blood sugar.
Anurodh Dadarwal and Shrikant Sharma.2017, The effect of iron Replacement on Hba1c in Iron Deficiency Anemia: A Before & after Study. Int J Recent Sci Res. 8(4), pp. 16335-16338. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24327/ijrsr.2017.0804.0130
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is one of the most frequent otorhinolaryngology diseases encountered in everyday practice. It is a common medical condition but one in which the diagnosis and prognosis depend on symptoms, signs and radiological evaluation and appropriate treatment. CT has become the standard diagnostic tool in evaluation of para nasalsinuses.
Aims and objectives
1. To study the Computed Tomography findings in clinically diagnosed cases of
2. To study the incidence and role of anatomical variations of the osteomeatal complex in chronic Rhinosinusitis
Materials and Methods: Total 54 patients were studied. Patients came with complaints of nasal obstruction, nasal discharge, Headache, facial pain etc .., were included in this study. NCCT with slice thickness of 3mm of para nasal sinus of patients with chronic symptoms was done using Toshiba 16 slice machine.
Results: The present study was conducted in JJMMC and Chigateri hospital, Davangere, Karnataka Total 54 patient’s were studied. Male to female ratio was 1.45: 1. Out of 54patient’s maximum number of patients had bilateral maxillary sinus involvement and followed by bilateral maxillary and ethmoidal sinusitis. Majority of patients in our study presented with complaints nasal obstruction followed by post nasal drip, headache/ facial pain and nasal discharge.
Conclusions: Computed tomography of para nasal sinus helps in accurate diagnosis of chronic rhino sinusitis. A study of 54 cases of chronic rhino sinusitis helped in understanding of the underlying disease process has led to an evolution in the treatment of CRS.
Mallikarjunappa.A.M., Kavitha.Y and Sunil.T.L.2017, A Study of Radiological Findings In Chronic Rhinosinusitisin Southern India. Int J Recent Sci Res. 8(4), pp. 16330-16334. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24327/ijrsr.2017.0804.0129
Background: Alcohol consumption leads to abnormalities in various cell lines. However the association between haematological abnormalities and complications in alcohol dependence syndrome have not been established fully
Aim: To evaluate the frequency and spectrum of abnormalities in blood indices and blood cytology in patients with Alcohol dependence syndrome
Methodology: Population for study consisted of 65 consecutive patients diagnosed to have Alcohol Dependence Syndrome admitted in De-addiction ward. Patients were sub grouped based on the complications they developed during withdrawal period. Thorough clinical examination was done and relevant blood investigations were done and interpreted with the help of a clinical pathologist.
Results: High statistical significance of AUDIT score in diagnosis of alcohol dependence and withdrawal complications was found(p=0.001). Majority of patients were in the age group of 31-40 years.RBC count and platelet count was found to be significantly reduced in alcohol dependence syndrome with complications(p<0.05). Total leucocyte count variation was found to be nil significant (p>0.05). High prevalence of macrocytosis (15.4%), eosinophilia (15.4%), thrombocytopenia (13.8%), lymphocytosis (10.8%) were found in alcohol dependence syndrome and higher values were observed in complications.
Conclusion: Detailed evaluation of blood cytology and blood indices should be done at an early stage during management of Alcohol dependence syndrome along with AUDIT to detect patients who can develop complications.
Sarath S Nair., Supriya Hegde and Crysle Saldanha.2017, A Study of Frequency And Spectrum of Abnormalities In Blood Indices And Blood Cytology In Patients With Alcohol Dependence Syndrome. Int J Recent Sci Res. 8(4), pp. 16287-16290. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24327/ijrsr.2017.0804.0119
Protein kinases have important role in cell proliferation & differentiation of cell. They involved in diverse biological processes like growth, differentiation, metabolism and apoptosis in response to external and internal stimuli, mediator of signaling cascade. Tyrosine kinases are enzymes that selectively phosphorylates tyrosine residue in different substrates. Over expression of these tyrosine kinases receptor cause development of human cancer. So lot of work is done to understand role of tyrosine kinases in the pathophysiology of cancer. Defective regulation of growth processes plays a role in the genesis and progression of most type of cancer. Oncogenic activation of tyrosine kinase due to mutation, autocrine-paracrine stimulation in cancer cells can be blocked by selective tyrosine kinase inhibitors and thus considered as a promising approach for treatment of cancer. This review describes the role of growth factors in development of cancer & the role of TK inhibitors or growth blockers on treating cancer. This review article describes the mechanism of action, structures, and side effects of potent protein kinase inhibitors.
Lata C. Potey and Satish Kosalge.2017, Protein Kinase Inhibitors in Cancer Treatment: A Review. Int J Recent Sci Res. 8(4), pp. 16379-16383. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24327/ijrsr.2017.0804.0139
· ISSN: 0976-3031
· Impact Factor: 6.86
· Print Issue: Available
· Frequency: Monthly
· Subject: All Subject
· Submission Date: Open
· Publication Date: Open
· DOI: 10.24327/IJRSR
· Researcher ID: K-7356-2016
· IC Value: 5.72
· NLM ID: 101631819