Aim: "To Study the Relation of Dermatoglyphics With Malocclusion In Children Of 12-14 Years."
Material and methodology: - A total of 70 children aged 12-14 years, were selected. Fingerprints were collected using fingerprint bioscanner machine. The fingerprints were analyzed using the classification given by Galton and fingertip pattern frequencies were calculated. The molar relation was determined according to Angle’s classification of malocclusion. The relation of fingerprints was studied with the molar relation recorded using the study models. Dermatoglyphic parameters were examined in these subjects
Results: The percentage frequency of occurrence of fingertip patterns was noted separately for right and left hands and finally combined scores for each of these were recorded .Comparison of fingerprint pattern with the type of occlusion was done .It was seen that no fingerprint pattern was specific for a particular class of malocclusion, increased tendencies toward high frequencies of whorls in subjects with class II malocclusion with a percentage frequency of 49.38% was seen. Ulnar loop fingertip pattern was common in children with ideal occlusion with a percentage frequency of 73.3%.
Conclusion: Establishment of the genetic component of malocclusion and individual susceptibility to this condition early in life could aid the planning of preventive and interceptive procedures. Dermatoglyphic analysis can be used as an indicator of malocclusion at an early age, thereby aiding the development of treatment aiming to establish favorable occlusion. Prospective studies would be valuable for the establishment of dermatoglyphic markers of malocclusion.