Exploring socioeconomic predictors of the development of infant congenital heart disease: a scoping review

Research Article
Obena Vanlewin*, Andrew Hutson, Schimze Sagon, Davon Van- Veen, Ave Abraham, Daniel Dass1, Chandrack Raghunandan1 and Yohancee Smith
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24327/ijrsr.20241501.0844
Congenital Heart Disease (CHD), socioeconomic status (SES), Predictors, Neonate, Infant

Objective: To determine whether socioeconomic status is a predictor for the development of infant congenital heart disease. Design and Methods: A Scoping Review was conducted using the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) guidelines. Multiple databases were searched using a predefined Boolean logic and search criteria. All search results were managed using Zotero – an open- source reference management software. Duplicate results were deleted, and multiple levels of screening were used to remove any articles that did not meet all the inclusion criteria. For the articles that included the reference, study design, study period, the socioeconomic status metrics measured, and the overall findings were extracted and entered in to an Excel Spreadsheet for Analysis. A Narrative Analysis was then performed. Results: Of the 7156 items that were initially returned by the search, 16 were used in the final analysis. Three different approaches to measuring socioeconomic status emerged namely: personal parental factors; environmental factors; and neighbourhood factors. No matter the approach, all 16of the study no matter which approach was taken demonstrated an inverse relationship between the parental socioeconomic level and the risk of the neonates and infants having congenital heart disease. Conclusion: Independent of the method used to determine socioeconomic status, there is an inverse relationship between parental socioeconomic status and the risk of a neonate/infant being diagnosed with CHD.