The study of sex ratio ventilates the demographic scenario of any States. Its calculation is of prime importance for understanding the population structure and its peculiarities within any territorial area. The sex ratio is defined as the number of females per 1,000 male population. The sex ratio is one of the significant indices of social but also economic conditions of an area and important device for regional analysis. Of all the demographic attributes of a population, the sex structure is an essential aspect of mankind. Sex ratio represents most radially recognizable components of the population. It is in advance and rising objective consequence with growing emphasis on the regional planning and regional approach to the population policy. An information about the pattern of Sex Ratio helps to enlighten the employment and consumption pattern, the social requirements of the people and perhaps the psychological characteristics of a society. In addition, the ratio can reflect the biological, social, economic and migration characteristics of the population. According to Census of the India, the general sex ratio in Maharashtra in 2001was 922which have experienced an upward trend up to 929 in 2011. In the state, the child sex ratio in the Maharashtra has experienced a declining trend from 913 in 2001 to 894 in 2011. The study of Pune District has experienced a decrease in general sex ratio of919 (2001) to 915 (2011). While the child sex ratio is declining from 902 (2001) to 883 (2011). Within the District General, sex ratio is more than 1000 in 1971 census shows in Ambegaon, Junner, Purandhar, Bhor, Valhe, Mulshitehsil. In census 2011 no signal tehsil shown more than 1000 general sex ratio. This paper is an attempt to analyze the distribution of sex ratio in Pune District as well as to investigate the nature of regional or social disparities and impact of such disequilibrium upon society.
Arjun B. Doke.2016, Fluctuation of Sex Ration in Maharashtra with Sepal Reference to Pune District. Int J Recent Sci Res. 7(9), pp. 13277-13282.