Fructosamine A Possible Monitoring Parameter In Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus Patients With Periodontal Disease – A Comparative Study

Research Article
Ram Babu Dudala, Ramesh Babu Mutthineni, Pamela Emmadi, Ramakrishnan. T and Ambalavanan. N
Fructosamine, Periodontal Disease, Type II-Diabetes Mellitus

Aims: The aim of the study was to determine, the relationship between periodontitis, plasma fructosamine, and plasma glucose values in Type-II Diabetes Mellitus patients. Materials And Methods: A total of 40, Type-II Diabetes Patients within the age group of 40 to 60 years, with Pocket depths having ³5mm, who were diagnosed as chronic periodontitis were selected from department of Periodontics, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College and Hospital Chennai. The following parameters were evaluated before the assay, Plaque index, Gingival index, Probing pocket depth, Clinical attachment level, and Serum fructosamine was measured with nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) calorimetric procedure using a commercial kit. Results: Mean and standard deviations were estimated from the sample for each study group. Mean values were compared by student’s paired ‘t’-test appropriately. The differences between the control (Group A) and test (Group B) groups were compared by using the Student‘t’ test. The correlations were also recorded. Conclusion: Diabetes Mellitus is one of the chronic health problems encountered by most of the population in the world. Since numerous oral changes and particularly, the influence of Diabetes Mellitus on periodontal tissues have been described, the onus is now on the peridontist to effectively treat those patients.