Isolation and Screening of Potential Cellulolytic Fungi for the Management of Municipal Solid Waste

Research Article
Albin G Jose, Shyamji Shukla, Harshita Shukla and Sardul S. Sandhu
Municipal solid waste, Cellulose, Cellulase, Biodegradation, Cladosporium sp.

Issues of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) are a great concern of cities worldwide. Developments in municipal solid waste management technologies are lagging behind when it is compared to the growth scale of urbanisation and industrialisation. It also paves path for the greater dangers like global warming and epidemic diseases. The MSW is comprised of more than 60% of the organic matter. Since cellulose is the major component in the biodegradable fraction of the MSW, the aim of the present study is the detection of a potential cellulolytic fugal isolate for the bioconversion of MSW in to compost. Soil samples were collected from 5 different garbage dumping regions of Jabalpur and a total of 67 fungi were isolated, in which 30 showed cellulolytic activity. Seven fungal isolates were taken for the in vitro biodegradation of the MSW and after 45 days of incubation sample inoculated with Cladosporium sp. Showed maximum weight loss i.e. 30.40%. Therefore this fungal isolate is a potential cellulose degrader and useful for the municipal solid waste management.