This review describes the different aspects of microbial degradation of Hexachlorocyclohexane from different source in the last decade and it is envised in terms of its different routes through food chain which will lead to bio magnifications (effect on living system), characterization of genes and enzymes in microbial system responsible for degradation, and last is the exploration of novel potential strains of degrading bacteria from different environmental sources/sites. Technology based approach for the identification, isolation of potent genes and enzymes from the unculturable sources or transfer of degrading genes to diverse host system will provide us platform for future research. Since toxicity of lindane is well known now, it is imperative to develop methods to remove it from the environment. Bioremediation technologies, which use microorganisms and/or plants to degrade toxic contaminants, have become focus of interest. Microorganisms play a significant role in the transformation and degradation of xenobiotic compounds. Many gram negative bacteria have been reported to have metabolic abilities to attack Hexachlorocyclohexane. Although the use of this insecticide has been banned or restricted in most of countries due to their toxicity and long persistence in upland soil but it continues to be a global issue. There are innumerable scopes in the degradation of persistent organic pollutants from environment but they need to be decoded.
Abhijit Gupta et al., Lindane and its Degradation from Environment Using Biotechnological Approach: A Review. Int J Recent Sci Res. 7(10), pp. 13756-13765.