Background: Elevated blood pressure is rising nearly 30 percent in teens, and by 2025, hypertension will affect 1.56 billion adults worldwide. This is a growing health concern; untreated high blood pressure may damage organs in the body and increase the risk of heart attack, stroke, and brain hemorrhage.
Aim: to assess the prevalence of hypertension
Setting and Design: The study was conducted in Varakavipudi (coastal area) and Kakupalli (non coastal area) by using a descriptive design.
Materials and Methods: A total of 500 samples were included in this study. Among this, 250 samples belongs to coastal area and 250 samples belongs to non coastal area by using convenience sampling technique.
Statistical Analysis Used: The collected data was organized, tabulated, analyzed and interpreted by using descriptive and inferential statistics based on the objectives of the study.
Results: In Varakavipudi, Out of 250 samples, With regard to the category of the blood pressure 28(11.2%) had stage-I hypertension, 10(4%) had stage-II hypertension, 0(0.00%) had stage-III hypertension, 35(14%) had grade-I isolated systolic hypertension, and 5(2%) had grade-II isolated systolic hypertension. Known Hypertensive cases are 50(20%), Newly diagnosed cases are 28(11.2%). With regard to BMI, among 250 samples 36(14.4%) were overweight and 13(5.2%) were obese. in Kakupalli, among 250 samples, 83(33.2%) had stage-I hypertension, 26(10.4%) had stage-II hypertension, 4(1.6%) had stage-III hypertension, 61(24.4%) had grade-I hypertension, and 5(2%) had grade-II hypertension. Known Hypertensive cases are 127(50.8%). Newly diagnosed cases are 52(20.8%). With regard to BMI among 250 samples 20(8%) were overweight and 10(4%) were obese.
Conclusion: The above results shown that blood pressure values are high in the Kakupalli (non coastal area) than Varakavipudi (coastal area).