Introduction: Metabolic syndrome is regarded as a constellation of the altered metabolic profile. Metabolic syndrome is considered as pro-atherogenic as the adipose tissues are metabolically active to secrete non-esterified fatty acids initiating atherogenic changes. Active adipocytes also secrete pro-inflammatory mediators and bring about inflammatory changes in various tissues. The public health importance for metabolic syndrome is because it is a potential contributing factor for cardiovascular disease
Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of MetS in the study population and its association with different variables.
Materials and Methods: The study was conducted during a camp organized by our institute. 246 adult individuals were enrolled for the camp. Following the informed consent, all demographic profile, serum lipid profile and FPG were measured. The study population was categorized into three groups: (i)Non-MS group: those who did not meet the criteria for central obesity, (ii)High risk group: those who had central obesity but did not full fill the other two criteria for MetS and (iii)MS group: those who full filled the criteria for MetS as new IDF definition.
Results: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in this area was observed to be 20.7%. The study reflected significant association with age (p=0.001), gender (p<0.001), waist circumference (p<0.001), BMI (p<0.001), hypertension (p<0.001), FPG (p<0.001) and dyslipidemia (p<0.05). Hypertension has been significantly associated with MetS and found to significantly reduce the risk of developing MetS in subjects with normal BP (OR=0.17,CI:0.06-0.45).
Conclusion: The study revealed prevalence of MetS to be 20.7% in the study population and outlined the risk factors associated with it. This study would aid in formulating strategies for lifestyle modification, behavioral therapy, diet education and nutritional therapy.
Gayathri K. Rajpurohit., Dhanraj and Ashok.2017, Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and Its Association With Various Risk Factors. Int J Recent Sci Res. 8(3), pp. 16256-16260. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24327/ijrsr.2017.0803.0113
· ISSN: 0976-3031
· Impact Factor: 6.86
· Print Issue: Available
· Frequency: Monthly
· Subject: All Subject
· Submission Date: Open
· Publication Date: Open
· DOI: 10.24327/IJRSR
· Researcher ID: K-7356-2016
· IC Value: 5.72
· NLM ID: 101631819