Reference Flora – A Source of Traditional Medicine in Jammu and Kashmir (With Special to Chenab Valley)

Suboh Aziz Natnoo and Jigar Mohammed
Health Care, Medicinal Plants, Traditional Knowledge.

Medicinal plants are the oldest known health-care products. Their importance is still growing although it varies depending on ethnological, medical and historical background of each country. From Vedic to scientific records of traditional knowledge, there are enough evidences that plants served as main medicinal source for rural populace. The medicinal knowledge and practice are passed down entirely through oral tradition and personal experience. The Chenab valley of Jammu and Kashmir is rich in flora with many rare herbs that have been used by local people since antiquity. These natural medicines renders a lot of services to the community by curing many of diseases like common cold, influenza, fever, cough, asthma, head and body aches, constipation, dysentery, diarrhea, ulcers, abdominal pain, skin infections, throat infections, impotence, allergies, wounds and burns, etc. Hence the present study is to create general awareness among the people regarding the presence of wide variety of medicinal flora in Chenab Valley of Jammu and Kashmir and its traditional use along with allopathic medicines.