High blood pressure is a serious health threat which claimed many lives through cardiovascular problems all around the world. It is a disease with different reasons caused by interaction of environmental and genetic factors. It seems that lifestyle, level of the problem, and the ways to cope with it are related with formation and acceleration of this disease. The present paper gives an introduction on blood pressure and then, presents the relationship between blood pressure and different factors such as age, gender, anthropometric indices, nutrition, and place of living, education, and even noise pollution. Then, prevention and treatment methods for this disease are mentioned.