Traditional Medicinal Plants Of District Bijnor, U.P., India

Research Article
Ankita Bhatnagar., Bharat Bhushan and Mayank Malik
Medicinal, Bijnor, Ethnobotany, Traditional and Indigenous

Recent re-emergence of herbal medicine along with the ever-escalating threats to biodiversity, and the intensifying biopracy controversies, have necessitated for an urgent documentation of the traditional uses of bioresources. Thus a survey was carried out to record the traditional healthcare remedies currently practiced by the local people. The information regarding the indigenous use of medicinal plants was gathered by the local population especially medicinal healers (Hakims). Present study was confined to interview people in and around the Bijnor district, U.P. Frequent field trips were arranged to record local information. A total of 37 species belonging to 20 families and 32 genera were recorded. Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae, Rutaceae, Myrtaceae, Poaceae, Alliaceae, Cucurbitaceae and Lamiaceae were the major families. Twelve families were monogeneric. Among these ecologically and economically important species, tree (20 sp.), herb (09 sp.), shrub (04 sp.) and climbers (04) were present. Almost all the plant parts like leaves, seeds, roots, bark and bulb and even whole plants have medicinal properties to alleviate various diseases.