A comparative study of dermatoglyphics in individuals with skeletal class I, II and iii malocclusion

Research Article
*Dr. Mahak Gagain., Dr. Prerna Hoogan Teja., Dr. Shruti Mittal., Dr. Gunjan Aneja and Dr. Aashee Verma
Dental Sciences
Dermatoglyphics, skeletal malocclusion, pattern type, Ridge count

Aim:To evaluate and compare the dermatoglyphic parameters of individuals with various classes of malocclusions. Material and methodology: A total of 120 pre- treatment lateral cephalograph between the age group of 15-28 years which were selected on the basis of type of malocclusion (skeletal Class I, II & III malocclusion). The participants were divided into four groups; Group 1: class I malocclusion; Group 2: class II division 1 malocclusion; Group 3: class II division 2 malocclusion; Group 4: class III malocclusion. The finger and palmar prints were obtained and they were analyzed for each type of pattern. Results : The ulnar loop was the most frequent and the central pocket loop was the least frequent fingerprint pattern. It revealed that ulnar loop pattern was more frequent in skeletal class I malocclusion. Statistically significant difference was observed in fingerprint pattern and skeletal malocclusion (p<0.05). No statistically significant difference was observed in total ridge count and skeletal malocclusion (p>0.05). Statistically significant difference was observed between the malocclusion groups regarding a-b ridge count and atd angle (p<0.05).Conclusion: The present study attempted in assessing the association between dermatoglyphic patterns and skeletal malocclusion. Analyzing dermal configurations may aid in indicating the type of developing malocclusion.